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This day in history of Ronaldo

2003

CLAUDE MAKELELE AMENAZA CON IRSE

Makelele vuelve a faltar al entrenamiento, mientras que Figo, con molestias físicas, trabaja en solitario

MAKELELE SIGUE EN REBELDÍA

Intensa sesión matinal en la Ciudad Deportiva

Вальдано отвечает на просьбу Кейроша

"Челси" хочет купить Макелеле

Морьентес решил остаться

«Реал» получит новый стадион к сентябрю

«МЮ» интересуется Сальгадо

Макелеле дал согласие на переход в "Челси"

Дирижер королевского оркестра

Роналдо в форме!

2004

Photos: Owen & Real Madrid

Governo levará presentes ao Haiti para "Jogo da Paz"

Michael Owen é o novo "Galáctico" do Real Madrid

Parreira convoca mais seis jogadores para jogo no Haiti

Ronaldinho Gaúcho quase é barrado em Cardiff

Brasileiras jogam bem mas perdem para as americanas

LA AGENDA DE OWEN

OWEN PISÓ MADRID Y HOY SE PRESENTA CON EL 11

Michael Owen ya es jugador del Real Madrid

"Реал" подтвердил покупку Оуэна

Майкл Оуен уже является игроком "Реал Мадрид"

Паррейра пригласил еще шесть игроков для игры на Гаити

Американские футболистки обыграли Бразилию в Афинах

Michael Owen factbox

Real Madrid finally announce Owen's arrival

Owen given Real appetite as Di Stefano hands over number 11 shirt

2005

F. Puskas 1:3 Real Madrid. Estadisticas

Ronaldo marca em jogo de homenagem a Puskas

F. Puskas 1:3 Real Madrid. Estadisticas

UNA VICTORIA INQUIETANTE

Сборная Венгрии - "Реал" 1:3. Egészségdre Ferenc Puskas!

Отчет о матче

F. Puskas 1:3 Real Madrid. Statistics

Real Madrid beats Hungarian select side

2007

Foto: tutti pronti tranne Ronaldo

Fitas de Ronaldo inspiram Adriano

Capello: "Ronaldo é o melhor que já treinei"

Fabio Capello: "RONALDO ES EL MEJOR JUGADOR AL QUE HE ENTRENADO"

Tutti pronti tranne Ronaldo

All'Inter il Trofeo Tim, battuta ai rigori la Juve e 1-0 il Milan

Интересные факты о стадионах

Футбол как национальная идеология

Капелло: "Роналдо - лучший из всех, кого тренировал"

"Интер" выиграл турнир Trofeo Tim

Ronaldo bounces back from injury for first match

2008

Анализ группового турнира футбольной Олимпиады

2009

Ausência de Ronaldo é festejada por atacante do Atlético-MG

Fernandinho sonha em fazer dupla de ataque com Ronaldo

2010

O drama de Ronaldo: do Fenômeno à guerra contra a balança

Роналдо пропустит матч с «Аваи» из-за проблем с лишним весом

2011

Сборная Бразилия испугалась сборных Италии и Испании

2013

Ronaldinho fue operado de los dientes

Пьер-Эмерик Обамеянг: «Роналдо изменил футбол. Тот, что бразилец, а не португалец»

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Roll over Ronaldo, here come the robots

14/07/2003
Roll over Ronaldo, here come the robots
By Claire Soares


 PADUA, Italy, July 14 (Reuters) - The United States and Australia facing off in the World Cup final? It seems unlikely but this is soccer as you've never seen it before.

Welcome to the world of robot football.

This month the Italian town of Padua, better known for frescoes than football, hosted the robotic World Cup and it was a nail-biting final. Well, it would have been if robots had nails.

The Australians missed a penalty, an American machine got a red card for excessive bumping and one robot was wheeled off the pitch for emergency rewiring after sucking up silicon glue.

These robotic footballers are black cylinders just 15 cm wide, zipping about on small wheels around a pitch the size of a table tennis table.

When the robots want to dribble, their midriff sticks to the a bright orange golf-sized ball. When they need to shoot or pass, they kick out a pincer at lightning speed.

After 20 fraught minutes of normal time, mechanical nerves were tested to the limit as Australia and America battled for the decisive golden goal.

It was the Australians who short-circuited first, caught out by an American striker, co-ordinating his cogs and rifling a shot to the keeper's left to clinch the title.

OVER AND OUT

"It's so overwhelming. I don't think the happiness has hit us yet," said a breathless Raffaello D'Andrea, the human director of the U.S. team.

"We were this close to being knocked out in the early rounds. We only slept two hours a night for the last week trying to fix our system and it peaked today," the 35-year-old added.

D'Andrea and his team of mechanical and electrical engineers and computer science students from Cornell University, were competing in the Small Size Robot competition.

"The robots aren't remote-controlled. They are fully autonomous, meaning there's no human being operating them at any time ... You just have to watch and hope," D'Andrea said.

A camera above the pitch takes 60 shots a second which are then processed and sent to small computers on board each robot. They then decide how to move around.

Humans still have a place in the dug-out, as Gordon Wyeth, head of the University of Queensland team, explained.

"We have a playbook like any soccer coach would have. We look at the capabilities of our robots then there's a checkbox and we can choose the computer equivalent of 4-4-2," he said.

FAREWELL DODGY REF CALLS?

But any fans hoping the days of dodgy referee decisions could soon be over will be disappointed.

The players are machines but the referee is most definitely man - in this case 25-year-old Sean Verret.

"We use a draft version of FIFA rules but obviously we make some adjustments," the Canadian referee explained. "Robots can't touch the goalkeeper and because there are walls around the pitch, we don't have corners, we have indirect kicks."

For now, coaches communicate refereeing decisions to players but scientists want to develop a completely independent referee.

"Doing something like refereeing is an incredibly tricky taskÂ…and it's very difficult to come up with an autonomous computer system. Just look at our sports -- referees always get a hard time," D'Andrea said.

RoboCup 2003 is not just for small robots. In the Middle Size competition, players can be up to half a metre across and the game unfolds on a bigger 12x7 metre pitch with a FIFA-approved ball.

These players look a bit more human, with square, stocky box bodies giving way to elongated necks with sensors for eyes. The only drawback is a slower pace to the game. However, this year's all-Japanese final still attracted 400 spectators.

Another crowd-puller was dog football -- specially-trained computerised canines taking each other on in teams of four.

Then there were the humanoids -- robots that really look like people. The technology is not yet advanced enough for them to play matches but they wowed the crowd with their ball skills and penalty kicks.

LEAPS AND BOUNDS

The robot soccer tournament is now in its seventh year and RoboCup Federation President Minoru Asada said he was excited about the leaps and bounds robots had made.

"At the beginning people would press the button and then nothing, the robots would just stand there. But every year we have a better level of play and more teams keep coming," the Japanese professor told Reuters.

This year's event drew 1,200 humans and 500 robots from 35 countries and plans are afoot for the next three tournaments.

"Hopefully in 2006 we'll take it to Germany, to coincide with the real World Cup. We'd like to have a joint ceremony, some sort of kick off with human and robot players," Asada said.

Whoever wins the traditional World Cup in 2050 had better beware. After beating the best the human race has to offer, future Ronaldos and Rivaldos might find themselves up against a Robot XI -- at least if Asada's wish comes true.

"Of course it's very, very challenging, some might say impossible, but the important thing is to believe it and share the dream, otherwise we'll never do it."

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Роналдо - 41 лет. Гражданство: Бразилия. - Двукратный чемпион мира - 1994, 2002; - Двукратный чемпион Испании - 2003, 2006.
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